Research Publications

Refereed Articles

Jensen, A. S., Fee, C., Miles, A. L., Beckner, V. L., Owen, D., & Persons, J. B. (In press). Congruence of Patient Takeaways and Homework Assignment Content Predicts Homework Compliance in Psychotherapy. Behavior Therapy.

Persons, J. B., & Thomas, C. (2019). Symptom severity at week four of cognitive behavior therapy predicts depression remission. Behavior Therapy, 50, 791-802.

Zieve, G. G., Persons, J. B., & Yu, L A. D. (2019). The relationship between dropout and outcome in naturalistic cognitive behavior therapy. Behavior Therapy, 50, 189-199.
Download the PowerPoint slides (with audio) here.

Persons, J. B., Koerner, K., Eidelman, P., Thomas, C., Liu, H. (2016). Increasing psychotherapists’ adoption and implementation of the evidence-based practice of progress monitoring. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 76, 24-31.

Thomas, C., & Persons, J. B. (2013). Sudden gains can occur in psychotherapy even when the pattern of change is gradual. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 20, 127-142.

Persons, J. B., Beckner, V. L., & Tompkins, M. A. (2013). Testing case formulation hypotheses in psychotherapy: Two case examples. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 20, 399-409.

Gruber, J. L., & Persons, J. B. (2010). Unquiet treatment: Handling treatment refusal in bipolar disorder. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 24, 16-25.

Kring, A. M., Persons, J. B., & Thomas, C. (2007). Changes in affect during treatment for depression and anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 1753–1764.

Persons, J. B., Roberts, N. A., Zalecki, C. A., & Brechwald, W. A. G. (2006). Naturalistic outcome of case formulation-driven cognitive-behavior therapy for anxious depressed outpatients, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1041-1051. 

Persons, J. B. (2005). Empiricism, mechanism, and the practice of cognitive-behavior therapy. Behavior Therapy, 36, 107-118.     

Persons, J. B., Roberts, N. A., & Zalecki, C. A. (2003). Anxiety and depression change together during treatment. Behavior Therapy, 34, 149-163.

Persons, J. B., & Mikami, A. Y. (2002). Strategies for handling treatment failure successfully. Psychotherapy: Theory/Research/Practice/Training, 39, 139-151.

Persons, J. B., Mennin, D. S., & Tucker, D. E. (2001). Common misconceptions about the nature and treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Psychiatric Annals, 31, 501-507.

Persons, J. B., Bostrom, A., & Bertagnolli, A. (1999). Results of randomized controlled trials of cognitive therapy for depression generalize to private practice. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23, 535-548. 

Persons, J. B., & Bertagnolli, A. (1999). Inter-rater reliability of cognitive-behavioral case formulation of depression:  A replication. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23, 271-284.

Miranda, J., Gross, J. J., Persons, J. B., & Hahn, J. (1998). Mood matters:  Negative mood induction activates dysfunctional attitudes in women vulnerable to depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 363-376.

Persons, J. B., & Silberschatz, G. (1998). Are results of randomized controlled trials useful to psychotherapists? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 126-135.

Persons, J. B. (1998). Indications for psychotherapy in the treatment of depression. Psychiatric Annals, 28, 80-83.

Persons, J. B. (1997). Dissemination of effective methods: Behavior therapy's next challenge. Behavior Therapy, 28, 465-471.

Persons, J. B., Thase, M. E., & Crits-Christoph, P. (1996). The role of psychotherapy in the treatment of depression:  Review of two practice guidelines. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 283-290.

Persons, J. B., Gross, J. J., Etkin, M. S., & Madan, S. M. (1996). Psychodynamic therapists' reservations about cognitive-behavioral therapy:  Implications for training and practice. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research, 5, 202-212.

Persons, J. B., & Miranda, J. (1995). The search for mode-specific effects of cognitive and other therapies: A methodological suggestion. Psychotherapy Research, 5, 102-112.

Persons, J. B., Mooney, K. A., & Padesky, C. A. (1995). Inter-rater reliability of cognitive-behavioral case formulation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 19, 21-34.

Persons, J. B., & Bertagnolli, A. (1994). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of multiple-problem patients: Application to personality disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 1, 279-285.

Persons, J. B., Burns, D. D., Perloff, J. M., & Miranda, J. (1993). Relationships between symptoms of depression and anxiety and dysfunctional beliefs about achievement and attachment. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101, 518-524.

Persons, J. B. (1993). The process of change in cognitive therapy:  Acquisition of compensatory skills or schema change? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17, 123-137.

Persons, J. B., & Miranda, J. (1992). Cognitive theories of vulnerability to depression:  Reconciling negative evidence. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16, 485-502.      

Persons, J. B. (1991). Psychotherapy outcome studies do not accurately represent current models of psychotherapy:  A proposed remedy. American Psychologist, 46, 99-106.

Persons, J. B., Curtis, J. T., & Silberschatz, G. (1991). Psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral formulations of a single case. Psychotherapy, 28, 608-617.

Persons, J. B., & Miranda, J. (1991). Treating dysfunctional beliefs:  Implications of the mood-state hypothesis. The Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 5, 15-25.

Persons, J. B., Miranda, J., & Perloff, J. M. (1991). Relationships between depressive symptoms and cognitive vulnerabilities of achievement and dependency. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 15, 221-235.

Miranda, J., Persons, J. B., & Byers, C. N. (1990). Endorsement of dysfunctional beliefs depends on current mood state. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99, 237-241.

Persons, J. B., & Perloff, J. M. (1989). The relationship between attributions and depression varies across attributional dimensions and across samples. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 11, 47-60.

Miranda, J., & Persons, J. B. (1988). Dysfunctional attitudes are mood-state dependent. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 76-79.

Perloff, J. M., & Persons, J. B. (1988). Biases resulting from the use of indexes:  An application to attributional style and depression. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 95-104.

Persons, J. B., Burns, D. D., & Perloff, J. M. (1988). Predictors of dropout and outcome in cognitive therapy for depression in a private practice setting. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 12, 557-575.

Foulks, E. F., Persons, J. B., & Merkel, R. L. (1986). The effect of illness beliefs on compliance in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 340-344.

Persons, J. B. (1986). The advantages of studying psychological phenomena rather than psychiatric diagnoses. American Psychologist, 41, 1252-1260.

Persons, J. B. (1986). Generalization of the effects of exposure treatments for phobias:  A single case study. Psychotherapy, 23, 160-166.

Persons, J. B., & Burns, D. D. (1986). The process of cognitive therapy:  The first dysfunctional thought changes less than the last one. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24, 619-624.

Persons, J. B., & Baron, J. (1985). Processes underlying formal thought disorder in psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders, 173, 667-676.

Persons, J. B., & Burns, D. D. (1985). Mechanisms of action of cognitive therapy:  The relative contributions of technical and interpersonal interventions. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 9, 539-551.

Persons, J. B., & Rao, P. A. (1985). Longitudinal study of cognitions, life events, and depression in psychiatric patients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94, 51-63.

Persons, J. B., & Foa, E. B. (1984). Processing of fearful and neutral information by obsessive-compulsives. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 22, 259-265.   


Chapters, Non-Refereed Articles, Newsletter Articles, and Commentaries

Persons, J. B., & Talbot, L. S. (2019). Developing and using a case formulation to guide cognitive-behavior therapy. In S. Dimidjian (Ed.), Evidence-based practice in action. (pp. 187-200). New York: Guilford.

Persons, J. B., Brown, C., & Diamond, A. (2019). Case Formulation-Driven Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. In K. Dobson & D. Dozois (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies (4th edition, pp. 145-168). New York: Guilford.

Persons, J. B., & Jensen, A. S. (2018). Publishing a single case study. the Behavior Therapist, 41, 83-89.

Persons, J. B. (2018). Simultaneous practice and research: A model for conducting research in private practice. In R. Trent Codd, III (Ed.), Practice-based research: A guide for clinicians. New York: Taylor & Francis/Routledge.

Persons, J. B., Fresco, D. M., & Small Ernst, J. (2018). Adult depression. In J.Hunsley & E. J. Mash (Eds.), A guide to assessments that work. New York: Oxford University Press. Second edition.

Persons, J. B. (2016). Science in practice in cognitive behavior therapy. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 23, 454-458.

Persons, J. B. & Hong, J. J. (2016). Case formulation and the outcome of cognitive behavior therapy. In N. Tarrier & J. Johnson (Eds.), Case formulation in cognitive behaviour therapy (pp. 14-37). (2nd ed.). London and New York, Routledge.    

Persons, J. B., Hong, J. J., Eidelman, P., & Owen, D. J. (2016). Learning from patients and practice. In L. F. Campbell (Ed.), APA Handbook of Clinical Psychology (Vol. 5 Education and Profession). (pp. 255-268). Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.

Kazantzis, N., Freeman, A., Fruzzetti, A. E., Persons, J. B., & Smucker, M. (2013). Unresolved issues regarding the therapeutic relationship element of collaborative empiricism in cognitive and behavioural therapies: An expert panel discussion at AACBT. Behaviour Change, 30, 1-11.

Persons, J. B. (2013). Who needs the case formulation and why: Clinicians use the case formulation to guide decision-making. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, 9 (4). Retrieved December 17, 2013 from

Persons, J. B., & Shannon, J. (2013). Staying anchored with the case formulation when the waves are high: An example. Advances in Cognitive Therapy. Publication of the Academy of Cognitive Therapy and the International Association of Cognitive Psychotherapy. June, 2013, p. 3.

Persons, J. B., & Davidson, J. (2010). Cognitive-behavioral case formulation. In K. S.Dobson (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies (Third edition, pp. 172-193). New York: Guilford Press.

Rego, S. A., Barlow, D. H., McCrady, B. S., Persons, J. B., Hildebrandt, T. B., & McHugh, R. K. (2009). Implementing empirically supported treatments in real-world clinical settings: Your questions answered! The Behavior Therapist, 32(3), 52-58.

Persons, J. B., & Fresco, D. M. (2008). Adult depression. In J. Hunsley & E. J. Mash (Eds.), A guide to assessments that work (pp. 96-120). New York: Oxford University Press.

Persons, J. B. (2007). Psychotherapists collect data during routine clinical work that can contribute to knowledge about mechanisms of change in psychotherapy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 14, 244-246.

Persons, J. B., & Tompkins, M. A. (2007). Cognitive-behavioral case formulation. In T. D. Eells (Ed.), Handbook of psychotherapy case formulation (pp. 290-316). New York: Guilford.

Persons, J. B. (2006). Case formulation-driven psychotherapy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 13, 167-170.

Persons, J. B. (2014). Some personal observations about conducting research in a clinical setting. Clinician Perspectives Series. Clinical Science, 17(3), 14.

Katzenstein, T., Persons, J. B., & Stuart, B. K. (2006, 2001). Helping victims of trauma: A brief review of the efficacy data evaluating psychological debriefing. Published in the newsletters of the Alameda County Psychological Association (March 2006) and the Contra Costa County Psychological Association (December 2001).

Persons, J. B., & Gruber, J. L. (2005). Commentary on 'Relapse prevention in patients with bipolar disorder: Cognitive therapy outcome after two years.' Evidence-Based Medicine for Primary Care and Internal Medicine, 10(5), 145.

Hollon, S. D., Muñoz, R. F., Barlow, D. H., Beardslee, W. R., Bell, C. C., Bernal, G., Clarke, G. N., Franciosi, L. P., Kazdin, A. E., Kohn, L., Linehan, M. M., Markowitz, J. C., Miklowitz, D. J., Persons, J. B., Niederehe, G., Sommers, D. (2002). Psychosocial intervention development for the prevention and treatment of depression: Promoting innovation and increasing access. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 610-630.

Persons, J. B. (2001). Conducting effectiveness studies in the context of evidence-based clinical practice. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 168-172.

Persons, J. B. (2001). Understanding the exposure principle and using it to treat anxiety. Psychiatric Annals, 31, 472-476.

Persons, J.B. (2001, April). “Rebirthing” tragedy offers a lesson [Letter to the editor]. The New York Times, 14.

Persons, J. B. (2000). Single-handed dissemination of empirically supported treatments. the Behavior Therapist, 23, 222-229.

Persons, J. B., & Davidson, J. (2001). Cognitive-behavioral case formulation. In K. Dobson (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies (pp. 86-110). New York: Guilford.

Levenson, H., Persons, J. B., & Pope, K. S. (2000). Cognitive and behavioral therapies. In H. Goldman (Ed.), Review of general psychiatry. (4th ed., pp. 472-482). Los Altos, CA: Lange Medical Publications.

Persons, J. B., & Silberschatz, G. (1999). How useful for psychotherapists are randomized controlled experiments? The Harvard Mental Health Letter, 16, 5-7.       

Persons, J. B. (1999). Using evidence-based methods in a private practice. Behavioral Healthcare Tomorrow, 8, 45-47.    

Persons, J. B. (1998). Indications for psychotherapy in the treatment of depression. Psychiatric Annals, 28, 80-83.

Persons, J. B., & Beck, A. T. (1998). Should clinicians rely on expert opinion or empirical findings? American Journal of Managed Care, 4, 1051-1054.

Persons, J. B., & Fresco, D. M. (1998). Assessment of depression. In M. Hersen & A. S. Bellack (Eds.), Behavioral assessment:  A practical handbook. (pp. 210-231). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Persons, J. B., & Tompkins, M. A. (1997). Cognitive-behavioral case formulation. In T. D. Eells (Ed.), Handbook of psychotherapy case formulation. (pp. 314-339). New York, NY: Guilford Press.     

Persons, J. B. (1997). Looking up, forward, and back: Commentary on "Helping people improve their lives with behavior therapy". Behavior Therapy, 28, 385-388.

Persons, J. B. (1995). The lost art and science of case formulation. In Session:  Psychotherapy in Practice, 1, 1-2.

Persons, J. B. (1995). Why practicing psychologists are slow to adopt empirically-validated treatments. In S. C. Hayes, V. M. Follette, R. M. Dawes & K. E. Grady (Eds.), Scientific standards of psychological practice:  Issues and recommendations. (pp. 141-157). Reno, NV: Context Press.

Persons, J. B. (1993). Outcome of psychotherapy for unipolar depression. In T. R. Giles (Ed.), Handbook of effective psychotherapy. (pp. 305-323). New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Persons, J. B. (1993). Case conceptualization in cognitive-behavior therapy. In K. T. Kuehlwein & H. Rosen (Eds.), Cognitive therapy in action:  Evolving innovative practice. (pp. 33-53). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Persons, J. B. (1993). A case formulation approach to cognitive therapy. The California Psychologist, 25, 16.

Persons, J. B. (1992). A case formulation approach to cognitive-behavior therapy:  Application to panic disorder. Psychiatric Annals, 22, 470-473.

Persons, J. B. (1992). The patient with multiple problems. In A. Freeman & F. Dattilio (Eds.), Casebook of cognitive-behavior therapy. (pp. 241-247). New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Persons, J. B. (1992). Theory-driven versus standardized approaches to assessing the outcome of alcohol treatment. In P. E. Nathan, L. W. Langenbucher, B. S. McCrady & W. Frankenstein (Eds.), Annual Review of Addictions Research and Treatment. (pp. 289-290). New York, NY: Pergamon Press.

Persons, J. B. (1990). Disputing irrational thoughts can be avoidance behavior:  A case report. the Behavior Therapist, 13, 132-133.

Persons, J. B. (1989). Case formulation:  Why cognitive-behavior therapists need one. International Cognitive Therapy Newsletter, 5, 3.

Burns, D. D., & Persons, J. B. (1982). Hope and hopelessness:  A cognitive approach. In L. E. Abt & I. R. Stuart (Eds.), The newer therapies:  A workbook (pp. 35-57). New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.